Agriculture is a cornerstone of Meghalaya’s economy, with around 80% of its population relying on farming for sustenance. Ri Bhoi District, renowned for its fertile soil and ample agricultural yield, is predominantly characterized by forests and farmlands, underscoring the critical role of agriculture in supporting the local economy and enhancing the welfare of residents.


Despite the region’s historical agricultural prosperity, concerns have arisen about soil deterioration due to factors such as soil erosion, excessive use of fertilizers and pesticides, urban expansion, industrial pollution, and plastic contamination. To address diminishing soil fertility, the Ri-Bhoi District Project Management Unit, under the Community Led Landscape Management Project (CLLMP), introduced vermicompost production supported by World Bank funding.

Vermicompost Training Program:

A vermicomposting training program was organized for Village Natural Resource Management Committees (VNRMCs) and Village Community Facilitators (VCFs) in 30 district villages. Led by expert trainer Kong Saralyn Lyngdoh, these sessions equipped participants with vital knowledge and skills essential for vermicomposting.

Role of Kong Saralyn Lyngdoh:

Kong Saralyn Lyngdoh’s involvement in training underscores the importance of ecological awareness and sustainable farming practices. Her expertise not only aids in protecting the local ecosystem but also empowers communities to generate income through vermicomposting.

Implementation and Progress:

Regular training sessions were held to keep participants updated on the latest vermicomposting methods, aiming to encourage widespread adoption of these techniques. Presently, the Ri-Bhoi District Project Management Unit oversees 30 vermicompost units assigned to Village Natural Resource Management Committees (VNRMCs), with notable success in Mawkyrdep and Umsarang villages.

Benefits of Vermicomposting:

Vermicompost, a nutrient-rich organic material, improves soil quality, enhances moisture retention, and promotes healthier plant growth, thereby reducing reliance on pesticides. Its use fosters sustainable agriculture and economic growth while safeguarding the environment.

Future Plans and Challenges:

Despite its benefits, VNRMCs engaged in vermicomposting face challenges such as the need for manpower and meeting future demands. To address these challenges effectively, active involvement of stakeholders, including Self Help Groups (SHGs), community engagement, training, capacity building, and strategic planning, is crucial.


Vermicomposting in Ri-Bhoi district exemplifies environmentally-friendly agriculture and offers numerous benefits for soil productivity, livelihoods, and environmental sustainability. Through collective efforts and a focus on sustainability, the community can overcome challenges, contribute to improved soil productivity, and promote eco-friendly farming practices, ensuring a sustainable future for generations to come. In summary, vermicomposting is an eco-friendly and economically viable approach that addresses various environmental and agricultural challenges, aligning with broader goals of environmental protection, waste reduction, and sustainable development. By embracing vermicomposting, the district takes a significant step toward preserving and safeguarding natural resources for future generations.








Related Posts