Agriculture serves as the lifeblood of Mawblei village, located in the West Khasi Hills district, where the enchanting landscape is adorned with picturesque terrace fields. These terraces have been the backbone of agricultural activity for generations, fostering the growth of various vegetables, fruits, and trees. However, traditional terrace farming, while effective, has faced challenges such as soil erosion, landslides, and declining fertility. In response, the village has embarked on a transformative journey towards agroforestry, aiming to boost agricultural productivity while safeguarding the environment.


Transitioning to Agroforestry:

Terrace farming has long been ingrained in the agricultural practices of Mawblei village, owing to its hilly terrain. Nevertheless, the arrival of the rainy season exacerbates issues like soil erosion and moisture loss, gradually depleting soil fertility. To address these challenges sustainably, the Village Natural Resource Management Committee (VNRMC) proposed transitioning to agroforestry. Endorsed by the District Project Management Unit (DPMU) under the Community Led Landscape Management Project (CLLMP), this approach promises dual benefits of enhanced productivity and improved soil quality.

 Implementation and Benefits of Agroforestry:

The adoption of agroforestry in Mawblei village has been met with resounding enthusiasm and commitment. Two primary sites, Mawlieh and Lumingmane, were earmarked for agroforestry cultivation. By cultivating a diverse range of crops, fruits, and trees within the same plot, farmers are maximizing land utilization and bolstering agricultural resilience. This integrated approach not only increases productivity but also addresses food security concerns by providing a diverse array of crops for household consumption. Additionally, agroforestry offers environmental advantages such as soil conservation and moisture retention, contributing to the long-term sustainability of agricultural practices.


Community Engagement and Empowerment:

The transition to agroforestry has galvanized community engagement and empowerment in Mawblei village. Economically disadvantaged households, facing constraints in land availability, have found solace in collective farming initiatives. Through resource pooling and the adoption of agroforestry on privately owned land, these households have augmented their agricultural yields, thereby enhancing food security and livelihoods. Moreover, the sourcing of fruit saplings from local suppliers has not only stimulated local businesses but also fostered stronger community bonds.

Future Prospects and Conclusion:

As Mawblei village continues its journey towards sustainable agriculture, the outlook appears promising. Plans are underway to expand agroforestry practices to additional sites within the village, capitalizing on the success and insights gained from existing initiatives. Furthermore, ongoing endeavors to educate and empower farmers in agroecological practices will pave the way for sustained growth and resilience in the agricultural sector. In conclusion, the transition from terrace cultivation to agroforestry heralds a new era of sustainable agriculture in Mawblei village, where productivity, environmental stewardship, and community well-being converge towards a brighter future.





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