Mawkynrew Village, situated in the East Khasi Hills district of Meghalaya, has emerged as a focal point for water conservation efforts under the Community Led Landscape Management Project (CLLMP). This report delineates the rationale behind selecting Mawkynrew Village for water conservation, its pre-intervention challenges, the identification of water-related issues, steps taken to mitigate them and a succinct overview of the Community Natural Resource Management (CNRM) plan implemented in the village.

Selection of Mawkynrew Village for Water Conservation:

The decision to initiate water conservation endeavors in Mawkynrew Village stemmed from several compelling factors. The village’s susceptibility to water scarcity, exacerbated during dry seasons, coupled with its agricultural dependence and challenges in accessing clean drinking water, rendered it an apt candidate for intervention. Additionally, its geographical proximity to the state capital, Shillong, underscored the significance of addressing water-related challenges in the area.

Pre-Intervention Challenges:

Before the CLLMP intervention, Mawkynrew Village grappled with a myriad of challenges, notably water scarcity, land degradation, agricultural hurdles, inadequate healthcare facilities and suboptimal sanitation practices. These challenges not only impacted the villagers’ livelihoods but also posed significant health and environmental concerns.

Identification of Water-related Issues:

A comprehensive problem analysis, facilitated through focus group discussions (FGD) with villagers, elucidated the underlying causes and repercussions of water scarcity in Mawkynrew Village. The scarcity of water emerged as the primary concern, profoundly affecting the daily lives and well-being of the residents.

Steps Taken to Address the Water Issue:

The transformational journey towards water conservation in Mawkynrew Village was catalysed by the proactive engagement of local communities. Through a multi-faceted approach encompassing community ownership, declaration of sacred forests, ridge-to-valley strategies and implementation of conservation measures such as contour trenches and check dams, significant strides were made in enhancing water availability and quality. Notably, the storage of surplus water, totalling 36,000 cubic meters, underscored the efficacy of concerted conservation efforts.

Spring Chamber at Ktang

Soil Erosion Control at Mawnongpluh

Fireline Protection at Mawnongpluh

Community Natural Resource Management Plan (CNRM):

While specific details of the CNRM plan for Mawkynrew Village are not explicitly outlined, it is inferred to encompass a holistic framework encompassing sustainable resource management practices. Such initiatives typically encompass community-led endeavors focusing on forest and watershed management, sustainable agriculture practices, and habitat conservation, integral to ensuring the enduring success of water conservation endeavors.


The remarkable journey of Mawkynrew Village towards water conservation epitomizes the transformative potential of community involvement and sustainable environmental practices. By addressing water-related challenges comprehensively and empowering local communities, the village has not only enhanced its water resilience but also set a compelling precedent for other communities to emulate. As we navigate the complexities of water resource management, the experiences of Mawkynrew Village serve as an inspiration towards a more sustainable and resilient future.






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